High blood pressure or hypertension is medical condition that affect a high percentage of the world population. If is left untreated, this condition may cause severe health issues, including heart attack and stroke.
At most patients, high blood pressure is manifested with dizziness, blurry vision, nausea, vomiting and brief breaths. Still, many people are suffering from hypertension, but they actually do not experience any symptoms.
Loss of memory, atherosclerosis and kidney problems are some other health issues that are caused by high blood pressure.
There are many factors and causes of hypertension, such as: genes, gender, age, unhealthy nutrition, smoking, excessive drinking, lack of physical activity, stress, etc.
Due to the fact that age has huge impact on the patient’s blood pressure, it is crucial to know high blood parameters according to one’s age.
Younger than 20– 123/76
From 20 to 30– 126/79
From 30 to 40– 129/81
From 40 to 50– 135/83
From 50 to 60– 142/85
Over 70– 142/80
Younger than 20– 116/72
From 20 to 30– 120/75
From 30 to 40– 137/84
From 40 to 50– 137/84
From 50 to 60– 144/85
Over 70– 159/85
In order to control the high blood pressure and prevent possible further complications, most patients take medications. However, besides pills, there are other ways to control hypertension:
- Lose the excess weight and lower the waist circumference
- Include regular physical activity, at least 30 minutes per day. There are many options: jog, walk, swim, dance, etc.
- Consume healthy food: whole grains, fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products
- Lower the intake of sodium: according to experts that is less than 2300 mg per a day
- Avoid consummation of processed foods and always read food labels
- Limit or avoid alcohol intake as it increases the blood pressure and reduces the effect of your blood pressure medicines
- Quit smoking and thus lower your high blood pressure. This also will increase your life span
- Don’t drink too much caffeine
- Try to eliminate stress and avoid stressful situations. It is important to find a way to cope with excessive stress
- Don’t forget regularly to monitor blood pressure at home and consult with doctor